Goldman I, Silver SC, Dierenfeld ES. 2001. Passage and digestion in the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus) fed a zoo-based diet moderately high in fiber. In Edwards M, Lisi KJ, Schlegel ML, Bray RE, Eds., Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition, AZA Nutrition Advisory Group, Lake Buena Vista, FL.
Three four-day intake trials were conducted with two captive adult male spectacled bears fed a diet comprising of produce and commercial dry feed. Digesta passage was measured using raisins as a marker; digestion was assessed through total fecal collection.Goldman-DigestibilityAndPassageRateinSpectacledBear.pdf     259 KB