FT Job: Nutrition Lab Technician, Henry Doorly Zoo

Summary:

Conservation Sciences includes the scientific disciplines of Comparative Nutrition, Reproductive Physiology, Rare and Endangered Plants, and Genetics.  Success of each department is dependent on a dedicated staff of scientists and laboratory technicians that are committed to the mission of the Zoo and to scientific inquiries and activities that:

  1. Enhance biological knowledge of plants and animals to improve health, husbandry, and well-being in managed environments
  2. Reduce threats and challenges that face plants and animals in natural habitats and ecosystems around the world
  3. Help improve sustainability of in situ and ex situ populations of plants and animals in managed environments, natural habitats and ecosystems around the world
  4. Place Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo & Aquarium as a global leader of multi-disciplinary, science-based conservation

Duties and Responsibilities (include but not limited to):

  • Candidate will be responsible for learning and conducting all laboratory analyses associated with related exotic animal nutrition research and diet management.
  • Assist with sample collection during nutrition research projects.
  • Maintain/update database of all quality control and research data, also incorporating data from third party labs.
  • Assist Nutrition Manager with training interns/students/job shadows in lab safety and all laboratory procedures.
  • Occasionally assist with preparation of specialized diets.
  • Maintain inventories of lab and diet supplies.
  • Maintain clean/uncluttered workspace to prevent cross-contamination and/or injury.
  • Assist Nutrition Manager with diet changes and budget tracking as-needed.
  • Occasionally assist Browse team with planting, watering, and harvesting browse for animal consumption.

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities Required:

  • Detail-oriented, organized, strong communication skills (written and spoken), independently motivated.
  • Must have a flexible schedule and willing to work weekends or holidays if necessary, although a standard schedule will be typical.
  • Must be able to work in a team environment and willing to work alone in a laboratory setting.
  • Basic computer skills are required, including applications in Microsoft Word, Excel, PowerPoint, and Access.

Education and Experience Required:

  • Bachelor’s degree in Nutrition, Animal Science, Biology or related field with an emphasis in nutrition preferred
  • 1+ years in a laboratory setting

Working Conditions and Physical Effort:

  • The employee is regularly required to stand, walk, stoop, kneel, and crouch.
  • Work is performed in a laboratory and in the field
  • Employee must regularly lift and/or move up to 50 lbs.
  • Will be regularly exposed to water, cleaning and laboratory chemicals, loud noise, etc.
  • Will be regularly exposed to a variety of produce, nuts, seafood, meat, and rodents

To apply, visit here.

https://www.paycomonline.net/v4/ats/web.php/jobs/ViewJobDetails?job=8176&clientkey=77B425C21C6E28F6E3B0849B4A14F1B5&fbclid=IwAR3B43Gsmx-BXzWNPLhmKLwJSk5tAJjp4iD3P4GiLWoZurlbgXR3-F6mVtM

Polar Bear Nutrition Guidelines

Polar bears, the most carnivorous of the Ursidae family, prey primarily on ringed seals (Best, 1985; Derocher, et. al, 2000; Stirling and Archibald, 1977).  When brought into captivity, maintaining their nutritional and mental health can be challenging.  Due to the lack of indepth species-specific research, captive polar bear diets must be based on a combination of known requirements of related...

Post-Doc: Henry Doorly Zoo

Anne Hubbard Postdoctoral Fellow (Comparative Nutrition)
Date Position Opens: 11/01/2018
Date Position Closes: 12/31/2018
FLSA Status: Exempt-$42,000
Hours: Full-time
Number of Positions: 1

Summary:
The Department of Comparative Nutrition at Omaha’s Henry Doorly Zoo & Aquarium is one of four
Conservation Science departments and is seeking applicants for a post-doctoral fellowship. The successful
candidate will conduct applied research that will advance the department’s goal of optimizing exotic animal
nutrition and diet formulation. The Comparative Nutrition program specializes in carnivore and amphibian
nutrition including an emphasis on total dietary fiber (TDF) analyses and more recently, on oxidative stress in
animals as influenced by diet. The department also houses a rapidly growing browse program. Optimizing raw
meat carnivore diets continues to be a primary focus of this program through partnerships within the Felid
Taxon Advisory Group (TAG). In addition, opportunities also exist for comparative studies in domestic
livestock and companion animals, laboratory rodents, and other wildlife species and for program development.
Current University collaborations allow for opportunities to develop teaching experience.

Duties and Responsibilities (include but not limited to):
• Conduct independent research, including all aspects of experimental design, sample collection &
processing, data collection & analysis, and interpretation of results.
• Prepare manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed journals.
• Seek and write grant applications for programmatic funding.
• Present findings at scientific meetings and conferences.
• Share results and findings to conservation groups, zoo staff, veterinarians, animal husbandry staff, zoo
guests and donors, and community volunteers in both written and oral formats.
• Assist with the development of a new program to provide external nutrition services to AZA and non-AZA
facilities without nutrition expertise in-house.
• Participate as a nutrition advisor to a TAG or SSP (within AZA) including the writing and editing of
nutrition sections of Animal Care Manuals as needed.

Qualifications:
• Possess a Ph.D in animal nutrition or nutritional sciences with demonstrated expertise in more than one
species.
• Strong interest in the comparative aspect of nutrition and diet formulation.
• Preference given to those with experience formulating diets for more than one species and performing
TDF analyses.
• Experience in proximate analysis methodology is essential.

Salary for this position is $42,000 with health benefits. Questions and applications (resume and cover letter)
should be sent to Dr. Cheryl Morris, Vice President of Conservation: cherylm@omahazoo.com

Job posting: Georgia Aquarium Commissary Manager

The Associate Manager of Commissary Operations will direct and participate in the daily operations of the commissary and its staff as part of a comprehensive program at Georgia Aquarium to ensure the nutritional health of the animal collection.

Responsibilities:
1. Responsible for ordering of foodstuff for animal diets, including seafood, produce, feeds, supplements, live foods, and operating supplies.
2. Coordinates diet request changes and other feeding requests from Zoological Operations and Veterinary staff.
3. Communicate with Nutritionist regarding animal diet needs and changes to crucial ordering process.
4. Research new products and equipment, negotiate prices with vendors, and solicit competitive bids in order to evaluate new or alternative products.
5. Responsible for coordinating weekly delivery of frozen product from off-site holding facility and evaluating regular inventory stocks while maintaining good inventory practices, including proper in-out stocking, expiration dating and monitoring, and overall quality control of products.
6. Responsible for coordinating, managing, and training commissary staff and volunteers. This includes performance goal setting and evaluation of staff via the performance appraisal process.
7. Responsible for maintaining working knowledge of company safety policies and implementing and developing standard operating procedures as needed.
8. Responsible for maintaining working knowledge of USDA and AZA standards and ensuring all commissary areas are in compliance.
9. Responsible for coordinating quality control sample collection, laboratory sample submission, and data entry.
10. Assists with preparing and managing annual departmental budget.
11. Interacts with staff, volunteers, guests, media and the general public on behalf of, and as an ambassador for, Georgia Aquarium Inc.
12. Performs other duties as required by the Director of Research and Conservation/Nutritionist or the Vice-President of Research and Conservation, or as workload necessitates.

Qualifications:
1. High School diploma or GED (required). Bachelor’s Degree (preferred) in biological science, nutrition, or related field.
2. Experience in food preparation and/or warehouse logistics preferred.
3. Two years supervisory experience (minimum), preferably related to staff supervision/management, food/animal, warehouse, or purchasing industries. Equivalent combinations of education and experience sufficient to successfully perform the essential duties of the job will be considered.
4. Basic understanding of animal nutrition and feeding practices is preferred.
5. Forklift training/experience is preferred.
6. Exceptional organizational skills are essential, including effective time management and the ability to set and meet deadlines.
7. Exceptional communication skills are required, including the ability to know when it is appropriate to communicate by which method: face-to-face, telephone, email or text messaging.
8. Familiarity with the Microsoft Office suite of programs is essential.
9. An ability to work independently or as part of a coordinated team is essential, including intrinsic motivation and the ability to effectively manage multiple task streams.
10. Demonstrated professionalism, including politeness, good judgment, effective time management and punctuality, and an appreciation for diversity.
11. Ability to be flexible and shift priorities to meet changing institutional requirements.

  • Physical Demands & Work Environment:
  • The physical demands and work environment described here are representative of those that must be met by an employee to successfully perform the essential functions of this job.
  • Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions.
  • While performing the duties of this job, the employee is occasionally required to stand; walk; sit; use hands to finger, handle, or feel objects, tools or controls; reach with hands and arms; climb stairs; balance; stoop, kneel, crouch or crawl; talk or hear; taste or smell.
  • The employee must occasionally lift and/or move up to 50 pounds 100 feet.
  • Specific vision abilities required by the job include close vision, distance vision, color and peripheral vision, depth perception, and the ability to adjust focus.
  • While performing the duties of this job, the employee is exposed to weather conditions prevalent at the time.
  • The noise level in the work environment is usually moderate.
  • An employee must also have the ability to travel by car, boat, and air as needed, conduct field work in the collection and research of animals, and maintain daily contact with a living collection of plants and animals.

    Apply On-line

Commissary Supervisor: Florida Aquarium

The Commissary Supervisor position is dedicated to supporting the health and welfare of the Florida Aquarium’s collection of more than 20,000 residents. The supervisor manages all aspects of daily operations, preparation of diets, purchasing and inventory management, and staff training. Additional responsibilities and opportunities exist in the researching and revision of new and existing nutritional plans, working closely both veterinary staff and the Animal Care team.

omplete posting with instruction to apply can be found on the AZA Jobs site, or at http://FLAquarium.org

 

Indy Zoo: Nutrition Technician

The heart of our mission is promoting animal conservation, and all of our employees, at every level, contribute to the support of that mission.  Millions of Zoo guests witness our animal conservation efforts in action by visiting our animal exhibits, gardens, and aquariums.

If you have a passion for animal conservation, you may be interested in working for us as the Nutrition Center Technician.  This role is a year-round, physically demanding, full time hourly position that provides operational assistance to the Zoo’s Nutrition Center.

The Zoo provides a wonderful work environment, paid holidays, a competitive benefit package (medical, dental, vision, and life insurance, 403b, critical illness and accident insurances, and short-term disability), and liberal paid time off.

Requirements include:

  • Two (2) years of related professional work experience, performing food handling or warehouse activities in a zoo, aquarium, or similar institution is required.
  • Bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution in a closely related discipline is required.
  • Physical strength, stamina, and endurance.  Must be able to repeatedly climb step-ladders, stoop, squat, kneel, bend, crouch, stand, walk, push, pull, and lift.
  • Ability to work outside in all types of weather conditions, and for short periods, in the food freezer (-18C).
  • Lifting 50 to 75 pounds repetitively throughout the day, and ability to stand to perform work tasks for the majority of the work day.
  • Due to driving requirements, you must have a valid Indiana driver’s license, and have a driving record that qualifies you as insurable by the Zoo’s insurer.

Responsibilities include, but are not limited to:

  1. Daily food preparation, including special diet mixes, for our collection, delivery of food, and assisting with commissary related pick-ups and deliveries, both on and off zoo grounds.
  2. Consults with the Nutritionist / Nutrition Center Area Manager on animal diets.
  3. Keep commissary food preparation and storeroom areas including counters, refrigerators, freezers, floors, and equipment clean and sanitary, and in a neat, orderly manner.
  4. Unloads, stores, and arranges all produce, meat/fish products, and various hays including rotation of these items to assure freshness
  5. Will assist with receipt of food products from vendors; check coinciding paperwork against products received; and inspect food items for damage and quality control

ONLY ON-LINE APPLICATIONS ARE ACCEPTED.  Mailed, e-mailed, faxed, and/or hand delivered resumes will not be considered.  Please include your compensation requirement in your attached cover letter, or enter it on the online application.

Deadline for application is November 1, 2018.

To help ensure receipt of your online application, we recommend applicants use a computer running Windows XP or higher, with at least Internet Explorer 8, Google Chrome, or Safari. ?

Use the following link to access the zoo application:

https://indyzoo.formstack.com/forms/employmentapp

Resumes may also be attached to your on-line application.  Enter “Nutrition Center Technician” in the “Position Desired” section of the application.

Employment is contingent upon the successful completion of a pre-employment drug test, a criminal history and driving record check.

The Indianapolis Zoo is an EOE / Child Safe / Drug Free/Smoke Free workplace.

Denver Zoo: Nutritionist Job Opportunity

Denver Zoo is a leader in animal care, wildlife conservation, and education. We are passionate about our commitment to excellence in support of our mission to secure a better world for animals through human understanding.

Denver Zoo honors our animals, staff, and guests by conducting ourselves at the highest level of integrity through our Core Actions — Inspire Awe: Safety, Care, Connect and by embracing our Core Behaviors of: Passion, Respect, Innovation, Diversity, and Excellence in all that we do.

Denver Zoo is seeking an animal Nutritionist to begin building a comprehensive nutrition program for our over 4,000 animal residents. This position will advance the mission of Denver Zoo by developing and managing the animal nutrition program to help ensure the highest level of animal care. Core responsibilities include the formulation and management of diets, nutritional records, diet changes, and diet review processes. As current immediate needs are met the selected person will then further the development of a comprehensive nutrition program that will eventually include research and development. The position will report to the Vice President for Veterinary Medicine and will provide oversight to the Nutrition Center.  The nutritionist will be a partner with the Animal Care and Veterinary Medicine teams in maintaining the health and well-being of Denver Zoo’s animal collection with a specific role in understanding the effect and impact of diet on these animals. These teams will work together to develop nutrition program priorities, expectations, and work plans.  Strong teamwork along with excellent communication and presentation skills, verbally and written, are essential.

 

Our staff is a dedicated and diverse group of individuals committed to providing quality care to our animals while creating moments of awe for guests.  If you are a like-minded individual and thrive in a dynamic, fast paced, and innovative culture, Denver Zoo is the place for you!

 

The Successful Candidate will have the following qualifications:

  • Graduate degree in nutrition or a related field is required, with PhD preferred.
  • At least two years of experience working with nutritional issues with wildlife in managed care.
  • Excellent oral and written presentation skills.
  • Ability to communicate among and integrate into multiple departments and working groups and work within a highly collaborative environment.
  • Demonstrated leadership and supervisory abilities.
  • Research experience with evidence of peer-reviewed publication.
  • Competency in computer skills, including word processor, spreadsheets, Internet and networks, as well as nutritional analysis software.
  • Clear driving record.

Completed applications must be submitted by October 19, 2018

***APPLICANTS MUST SUBMIT A COVER LETTER WITH RESUME***

Denver Zoo reserves the right to close the position prior to the above date.

Denver Zoo is an Equal Opportunity Employer

Please apply through www.denverzoo.org

Pueblo Zoo: Consulting Nutritionist

The Pueblo Zoo is looking for a consulting nutritionist. We are a small AZA accredited zoo in Pueblo Colorado.Our budget allows for 1-2 hours per month of nutritionist services at $100/hr. We are hoping to have one to two diets reviewed per month, and will also have occasional questions for the nutritionist. If interested please contact me.

Kathy Wolyn DVM
Veterinarian, Pueblo Zoo
3455 Nuckolls Ave, Pueblo,CO 81005
719-561-1452 X 117 (Mondays and Thursdays)
or 719-989-8859 cell

Phoenix Zoo: Manager of Nutrition Services

 

Arizona Center for Nature Conservation
Phoenix Zoo
Job Description

Job Title: Manager of Nutrition Services
Department: Living Collections – Nutrition Services
Supervisor: Curator of Assigned Area
Supervises: Nutrition Services Staff
FLSA Status: Full Time, Regular, Exempt
Grade:10

General Statement:
The Manager of Nutrition Services is responsible for the organization and operation of the Nutrition Services Department through effective management of staff, animal diets, inventory, budget, and records, and participates in all required functions within Nutrition Services, the Living Collections Department, and the greater Zoo. The manager ensures that animal diets are provided in a timely manner under high standards of quality, sanitation, safety, and cost effectiveness. Duties include recruitment, hiring, training, evaluation, and direct supervision of Nutrition Services staff.  The manager will assess all animal diets and advise/direct the proper provision for nutritional needs.  This individual will maintain all relevant records in compliance with government and accrediting agency standards. The manager will develop and maintain a budget to ensure proper accounting for departmental expenditures. The manager will ensure that Nutrition Services staff engage with all Zoo staff, guests, and external partners in a professional and customer service-oriented fashion. This individual will accept and fulfill all other duties as required of Arizona Center of Nature Conservation (ACNC) managers.

Essential Duties:

  1. Provide quality guest service for both internal and external customers by engaging in a friendly, helpful, positive and professional manner. Effectively interact with staff from all other Zoo departments, guests, media, government agencies, and outside professionals. Establish and maintain effective vendor relationships.
  2. Establish and maintain systems and procedures for ordering, receiving, storing, and preparing food and food supplies; maintain high standards of professional nutritional services.
  3. Collaborate in diet development and management for collection animals, and prepare nutritional assessments based on best current tools and information.
  4. Manage records to comply with government and accrediting agency standards (i.e., USDA, AZA) by establishing and maintaining accurate, current, and appropriate animal diet sheets.
  5. Prepare annual budget by forecasting changes in cost trends and establish cost efficiency measures to ensure financial goals are met.
  6. Recruit, supervise, and train Nutrition Services staff regarding all relevant duties. Ensure that requirements for appropriate sanitation and safety levels are met.
  7. Establish and maintain effective vendor relationships.
  8. Perform Animal Diet Technician duties as needed.
  9. Fulfill other duties as required of ACNC managers.

This is by no means an exhaustive list of all responsibilities, skills, duties, requirements, efforts, or working conditions associated with the job. Management reserves the right to revise the job or to require that other be performed when circumstances change (e.g. emergencies, changes in personnel, workload, rush jobs, or technological developments.)

Qualifications:                        

  1. Bachelor’s degree in nutrition or other life science preferred.
  2. Minimum of 2 years’ supervisory experience in animal health, human health or food service management.
  3. Ability to obtain Forage Sampling Certification, Arizona Food Handler’s Card, and pass Food Borne Pathogen Identification training within first 90 days of employment.
  4. Certified to operate a forklift or ability to become certified within first 90 days of employment.
  5. Ability to work with live insects, rodents, and other food animals required.
  6. Capable of humanely euthanizing animals per USDA and AZA standards.
  7. Excellent oral and written communication skills, and superior interpersonal skills.
  8. Ability to accurately and efficiently perform mathematical calculations relevant to nutritional services, including but not limited to: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of all units of measure.
  9. Ability to lift a minimum of 50 pounds and carry loads for 25 yards required.
  10. Able to bend, stoop, crawl, chop food and perform other repetitive motion activities required.
  11. Ability to work flexible hours.
  12. Possession of a valid driver’s license.
  13. This is considered a safety-sensitive position requiring the ability to pass pre-employment background check, drug test, DMV check and clear annual TB test.

To apply, please visit: http://www.phoenixzoo.org/careers/

Résumés are not accepted for any ACNC position without an accompanying application. While postings may remain on outside sites for longer, once a job is removed from the Phoenix Zoo career site, it is closed and we will no longer accept applications. If you are a top candidate for a current opening, we will contact you within a few weeks of the position closing. Unfortunately, due to the number of applications and résumés we receive, we are only able to respond to those applicants who best match our current openings.

 

Calgary Zoo: Commissary Manager

The Animal Nutrition / Commissary Supervisor is responsible for coordinating the animal care feed and supplies management system for the Calgary Zoo with a focus on animal welfare and efficient resource use. The successful candidate will manage the nutrition program in coordination with the veterinary and animal management team with a focus on welfare and the zoo’s mission and vision, and lead nutrition-related research programs to advance initiatives complementing existing conservation programs.

Responsibilities:

  • Supervise paid and unpaid commissary workers in the day to day operations of animal feed and supply acquisition and dispersal in coordination with the Operations Manager.
  • Lead the recruitment and training of commissary volunteer workers for diet preparation and other duties.
  • Participate in diet preparation and dispersal with commissary workers and provide coverage for workers on days off or vacations as needed.
  • Establish ordering routines and coordinate centralized ordering and receiving activities for animal feed and supplies.
  • Ensure proper storage, handling, and food stock rotation to prevent unnecessary food waste and assure quality and safety of animal diets.
  • Manage animal diets using Zootrition or other animal nutrition management software.
  • Facilitate diet evaluation, formulation, and refinement with veterinary staff, curators, and zookeepers.
  • Maintain high standards of cleanliness and coordinate repairs and issues with the Facilities department.
  • Periodic educational outreach internally and externally about the zoos animal nutrition program.
  • Opportunity to develop nutritional research focused on the zoos conservation programs.
  • Opportunity to develop contract nutritional outreach services to other smaller zoos.
  • Work with the Operations Manager and General Curator to plan the annual budget, and participate in monthly reviews to evaluate budget performance.
  • Effectively control the budget and provide accurate information to the Operations Manager as required.
  • Prepare animal welfare cases and business cases in support of significant program changes as required.
  • Drive a continuous improvement process for sourcing feed and supplies while balancing animal welfare, environmental sustainability, and financial sustainability.
  • Look for opportunities and make recommendations to improve and streamline procedures, processes, and documentation related to commissary function.
  • Embrace an environment of continuous learning through proactively seeking knowledge and skills to be part of a change ready workforce.
  • Maintain proficiency and accreditation/technical acumen requirements of your role and continue to build skills and proficiency by leveraging your development plan.

Qualifications:

  • Post-secondary education in Animal Nutrition or an equivalent combination of experience and education is required.
  • Specific training or experience in Zoo Nutrition is highly desirable.
  • Proven understanding of animal nutrition, preferably zoo animal nutrition
  • Proficiency in animal nutrition management software such as Zootrition, Fauna, etc.
  • Strong computer skills including Microsoft Office and SharePoint.
  • Ability to supervise and direct work for both paid and unpaid workers.
  • Outstanding organizational skills.
  • Excellent interpersonal and communication skills.
  • Demonstrated ability to work with a diverse population and foster a collaborative environment.
  • Ability to work independently and prioritize workload.

Working Conditions:

Workweek will include one weekend day. On occasion, the Animal Nutrition / Commissary Supervisor may be required to be available for the after-hours callout, in event of an emergency. The working conditions of this role include sedentary computer work, exposure to cold temperatures (freezers, refrigerators), lifting up to 50 lbs, repetitive bending, twisting, and lifting.

What the zoo has to offer:

  • Competitive compensation package.
  • Flexible benefits plan, including a health spending account.
  • Employer matching RRSP program.
  • Competitive vacation and flex days entitlement.
  • Discounts on food, beverage and merchandise.
  • A complimentary annual pass for you and your immediate family members.
  • A fun work environment and the opportunity to work in a park full of wild animals!

Apply online, in confidence, no later than June 25, 2018.

The Calgary Zoo is a conservation leader whose mission is to take and inspire action to sustain wildlife and wild places. As a not-for-profit charitable institution, all revenue is reinvested back into conservation activities at the zoo and around the world.

As an organization, we value effective and collaborative communication and honesty and integrity with an emphasis on customer focus, safety and conservation. If you would like to be part of this team, we have the following permanent full-time position available in our Animal Care department:

 

 

Fecal Condition Scoring Resource Center

Fecal condition scores and fecal color provide insight into how a diet is being digested by an animal and the state of gastrointestinal health. The following fecal condition scoring scales have been obtained from a variety of sources.  We have credited the authors where we can, and encourage you to submit additional scales or corrections to attributions.  More info is at the bottom of this page.

About Fecal Condition Scoring

As zoo and wildlife nutrition professionals, we utilize all information we can gather about the animals in our care and how they process their diet, especially information that can be gathered passively, without impact to the animal.  One, often underutilized, tool that used to assess how an animal is processing their diet is a thorough examination of their feces (stool).  This can be informal and subjective (i.e. – “loose,” or “pebble-like,” or “pudding”), but those words can mean different things to different people.  If fecal consistency is used as a tool to assess how a diet is digested and/or overall animal health, an objective assessment of that consistency is necessary.  We spend so much time looking at it, scooping it, moving it, dumping it, so let’s utilize it to better care for our animals!

Fecal Condition Scoring Scales

Fecal condition scores are developed to provide an objective and commonly understood scale to assess and describe fecal material.  Obviously, this differs with the species and digestive strategy in question (“ideal” horse and cow fecal material differs in consistency).  For this reason, a variety of scales have been developed.  These scales are primarily numerical with descriptive terminology and images associated with them.  These efforts have primarily focused on domestic animals (dogs), but also have expanded to several wildlife species.

The scores range from simple 1-3, 1-5, or 1-7 point systems, to similar systems with sub-scores for each number, and systems that score from 0-100 in 25 point increments.  Given the systems currently in place for domestic animals, and those currently utilized for the wildlife species we manage, a 0-100 scale appears to be most preferred and useful.  These types of scales are currently in place for some of our carnivore species, but remain undeveloped for most of the animals with which we work.

Implications of Fecal Condition Scores

Fecal condition scores can provide insight into how a diet is being digested (otherwise utilized) by an animal (color is helpful, as well).  Low scores (unformed, loose, diarrhea, etc) may indicate digestive upset, malabsorption, and/or possible hydration issues.  On the other end of the spectrum, hard stools may indicate a lack of appropriate fiber, a water balance issue, etc.  The routine use of fecal scoring systems with animals can provide an invaluable tool to veterinarians and animal managers when “something” changes with condition, consumption, and/or overall health.

Call for More Scales (Training Opportunity)

We welcome the development of additional scales.   This is an excellent opportunity for you, your staff, volunteers, interns, and other students to get involved in the development of a basic animal husbandry management tool!  Need a fecal condition scoring scale for a species not represented?  Consider the following:

  • Look at scales already developed and determine a format that might work best for the species in question.
  • Consider a scale that includes lower scores as drier feces and higher scores as wetter feces (so we can start to gain some consistency, building from the scales established for domestics).
  • Consider photo techniques.  Just like body condition scoring (BCS), angle, light exposure, shadows can all play a role in visual assessment (especially in a 2D picture).  Take your best shots and include language that describes and supports the image as objectively as possible.
  • Once developed and tested/used, consider not only sharing the value and utility of the scales via a NAG Conference poster or the such, but also with the resource at this site and the associated ACM for the species.
  • This a great chance for your interns, volunteers, keepers, etc to get involved in a simple, yet very useful tool, to provide more objective information and get involved in animal care!

If you know of additional published resources for this page, we encourage you to submit them for potential inclusion:

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We will review your submission and post if we feel it is appropriate for this site.

Job opening: Denver Zoo Nutritionist

 Deadline extended: March 20, 2018 

Denver Zoo is a leader in animal care, wildlife conservation, education, and guest experience. We are passionate about our commitment to excellence in support of our mission to secure a better world for animals through human understanding. We provide extraordinary experiences every day for our animals and visitors and our core values of Protect, Honor, Innovate, Serve, Engage, and Empower are evident in everything we do.  We value the different strengths our staff bring to Denver Zoo. We expect our staff to embrace and to commit to our core behaviors for engagement: Passion, Respect, Innovation, Diversity, and Excellence.

Denver Zoo is seeking an animal Nutritionist to begin building a comprehensive nutrition program for our over 4,000 animal residents. This position will advance the mission of Denver Zoo by developing and managing the animal nutrition program to help ensure the highest level of animal care. Core responsibilities include the formulation and management of diets, nutritional records, diet changes, and diet review processes. As current immediate needs are met the selected person will then further the development of a comprehensive nutrition program that will eventually include research and development. The position will report to the Vice President for Veterinary Medicine and will provide oversight to the Nutrition Center.  The nutritionist will be a partner with the Animal Care and Veterinary Medicine teams in maintaining the health and well-being of Denver Zoo’s animal collection with a specific role in understanding the effect and impact of diet on these animals. These teams will work together to develop nutrition program priorities, expectations, and work plans.  Strong teamwork along with excellent communication and presentation skills, verbally and written, are essential.

Qualifications:

  • Graduate degree in nutrition or a related field is required, with PhD preferred.
  • At least two years of experience working with nutritional issues with wildlife in managed care.
  • Excellent oral and written presentation skills.
  • Ability to communicate among and integrate into multiple departments and working groups and work within a highly collaborative environment.
  • Demonstrated leadership and supervisory abilities.
  • Research experience with evidence of peer-reviewed publication.
  • Competency in computer skills, including word processor, spreadsheets, Internet and networks, as well as nutritional analysis software.
  • Clear driving record.

Compensation and Benefits: 

This is a regular full-time position with excellent benefits, including complete medical/dental/vision coverage, 403(b) retirement plan, and a generous vacation package.

Completed applications must be submitted by January March 20, 2018

***APPLICANTS MUST SUBMIT A COVER LETTER WITH RESUME***

Denver Zoo reserves the right to close the position prior to the above date.

Denver Zoo is an Equal Opportunity Employer

Please apply through www.denverzoo.org

Job Posting: Georgia Aquarium Commissary Manager

The Associate Manager of Commissary Operations will direct and participate in the daily operations of the commissary and its staff as part of a comprehensive program at Georgia Aquarium to ensure the nutritional health of the animal collection.

Requirements

II.Responsibilities: 

1. Responsible for ordering of foodstuff for animal diets, including seafood, produce, feeds, supplements, live foods, and operating supplies.
2. Coordinates diet request changes and other feeding requests from Zoological Operations and Veterinary staff.
3. Communicate with Nutritionist regarding animal diet needs and changes to crucial ordering process.
4. Research new products and equipment, negotiate prices with vendors, and solicit competitive bids in order to evaluate new or alternative products.
5. Responsible for coordinating weekly delivery of frozen product from off-site holding facility and evaluating regular inventory stocks while maintaining good inventory practices, including proper in-out stocking, expiration dating and monitoring, and overall quality control of products.
6. Responsible for coordinating, managing, and training commissary staff and volunteers. This includes performance goal setting and evaluation of staff via the performance appraisal process.
7. Responsible for maintaining working knowledge of company safety policies and implementing and developing standard operating procedures as needed.
8. Responsible for maintaining working knowledge of USDA and AZA standards and ensuring all commissary areas are in compliance.
9. Responsible for coordinating quality control sample collection, laboratory sample submission, and data entry.
10. Assists with preparing and managing annual departmental budget.
11. Interacts with staff, volunteers, guests, media and the general public on behalf of, and as an ambassador for, Georgia Aquarium Inc.
12. Performs other duties as required by the Director of Research and Conservation/Nutritionist or the Vice-President of Research and Conservation, or as workload necessitates.

III. Qualifications:
1. High School diploma or GED (required). Bachelor’s Degree (preferred) in biological science, nutrition, or related field.
2. Experience in food preparation and/or warehouse logistics preferred.
3. Two years supervisory experience (minimum), preferably related to staff supervision/management, food/animal, warehouse, or purchasing industries. Equivalent combinations of education and experience sufficient to successfully perform the essential duties of the job will be considered.
4. Basic understanding of animal nutrition and feeding practices is preferred.
5. Forklift training/experience is preferred.
6. Exceptional organizational skills are essential, including effective time management and the ability to set and meet deadlines.
7. Exceptional communication skills are required, including the ability to know when it is appropriate to communicate by which method: face-to-face, telephone, email or text messaging.
8. Familiarity with the Microsoft Office suite of programs is essential.
9. An ability to work independently or as part of a coordinated team is essential, including intrinsic motivation and the ability to effectively manage multiple task streams.
10. Demonstrated professionalism, including politeness, good judgment, effective time management and punctuality, and an appreciation for diversity.
11. Ability to be flexible and shift priorities to meet changing institutional requirements.

• The physical demands and work environment described here are representative of those that must be met by an employee to successfully perform the essential functions of this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. While performing the duties of this job, the employee is occasionally required to stand; walk; sit; use hands to finger, handle, or feel objects, tools or controls; reach with hands and arms; climb stairs; balance; stoop, kneel, crouch or crawl; talk or hear; taste or smell. The employee must occasionally lift and/or move up to 50 pounds 100 feet. Specific vision abilities required by the job include close vision, distance vision, color and peripheral vision, depth perception, and the ability to adjust focus. While performing the duties of this job, the employee is exposed to weather conditions prevalent at the time. The noise level in the work environment is usually moderate. An employee must also have the ability to travel by car, boat, and air as needed, conduct field work in the collection and research of animals, and maintain daily contact with a living collection of plants and animals.

Apply online

Guidelines for the Humane and Ethical Acquisition and Management of Vertebrate Feeder Animals (Excluding Fish)

It is vitally important that omnivorous and carnivorous species in the care of zoos and aquariums receive the appropriate foods needed to meet their nutritional and behavioral requirements. Oftentimes this entails using ‘feeder animals’ as part of their diet.  It is important that zoos and aquariums accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) make certain that feeder animals...

NAG Conference Survey

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Job Opportunity: Mazuri Exotic Animal Nutritionist

Job Title:  Nutritionist, Exotic Animal Nutrition

Job Description

The successful candidate will provide technical expertise for Exotic Animal customers (Zoos, Exotic Animal Parks, and Aquariums), veterinarians and private owners/consumers and conduct research leading to new added value products.  Within the company, this position will provide technical expertise to Sales, Marketing, Manufacturing, Quality, and Customer Service teams to support growth in the Mazuri® Exotic Animal business.  This position will also provide technical expertise for assigned projects including investigating and resolving problems, assist with field sales and field trials, provide input into product development and expansion of existing products and act as the technical interface between the company and the customer.  Specific responsibilities may include:

  • Provide nutrition and management expertise to exotic animal customers and consumers.
  • Create value by conducting research to develop unique specie specific diets for a broad range of exotic animals, worldwide.
  • Work with manufacturing plants to develop product specifications, formulate diets, establish quality standards and respond to all internal inquiries. Work with Quality Assurance to resolve complaints.
  • Work with the Exotic Animal business team to respond to all external inquiries from sales, retailers, customers or consumers.
  • Provide technical expertise and assist with communication within the Mazuri business and within the Purina/Land O’Lakes organization.
  • Assist with the creation of sales training materials.
  • Assist with attaining new business by providing technical expertise and knowledge during sales calls and visits with customers. Work with sales personnel to find ways of providing value and company differentiation with each customer.
  • Support customer activities at the Purina Animal Nutrition Center and at field events/meetings/conferences by participating and/or speaking at the events.
  • Remain current on exotic animal industry trends and knowledge.
  • Maintain visibility within the industry by participating or speaking at conferences, trade shows, and by preparing articles for industry publications.

Requirements

  • PhD in Nutrition (monogastric or ruminant), or related field with an emphasis on exotic animal nutrition, 3+ years of experience. Preference will be given to candidates with experience with exotic animals.
  • Travel is required in this position. The amount of travel will be dependent on the customer base served and amount of direct customer contact required.  Position will average 25 – 40% travel.

Competencies & Other Skills

Required:

  • Strong technical skills and understanding of animal nutrition in one or more of the species identified and their respective animal industry.
  • Strong interpersonal and communication, public speaking and technical writing skills.
  • Must be capable of providing scientific and research data, regarding nutrition and animal management, in sales environments.
  • Must be able to inspire confidence in product performance with creativity and conviction in product-line knowledge.
  • Demonstrated ability to develop and leverage collaborative relationships.
  • Ability to effectively work as a part of a team and possess excellent team building skills.
  • Uncompromising integrity.

 

Preferred: 

  • Excellent problem solving skills. Strong communication, planning & organizational skills.
  • Strong computer skills to support critical software tools that support product sales.
  • Experience and understanding in one or more of the species within the exotic animal industry and the versatility to be able to work well with multiple segments of the industry.
  • Previous feed business experience in technical sales and marketing support.
  • Experience with exotic animals.

 

Contact:  Land O’Lakes Website

Purina Animal Nutrition LLC (purinamills.com) is a national organization serving producers, animal owners and their families through more than 4,700 local cooperatives, independent dealers and other large retailers throughout the United States. With an uncompromising commitment to animal excellence, Purina Animal Nutrition conducts industry-leading R&D initiatives that create and sustain a valued portfolio of complete feeds, supplements, premixes, ingredients and specialty technologies for the livestock and lifestyle animal markets. Species served by Purina Animal Nutrition include both large and small animals, including cattle, horses, swine, chickens, hamsters, gerbils and rabbits. Headquartered in Shoreview, Minn., Purina Animal Nutrition LLC is a wholly owned subsidiary of Land O’Lakes, Inc.

 

Scope of Mazuri® Exotic Animal Business

The Mazuri® Exotic Animal Business develops diets for two major market segments:  Zoos, Exotic Animal Parks, and Aquariums; and the Retail Consumer Channel that services consumers who own exotic animals as part of their lifestyle in the US and internationally.  Animals include: a broad range of exotic mammals, invertebrates, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.

Case Discussion Section

Sometimes, we are faced with clinical cases and/or critical care cases that can serve as excellent teaching lessons for students, lay people, and even our colleagues.  These revolve around interesting animals, circumstances, and/or challenges that we have to face, problem solve through, and try to resolve for the best of the animal in question.  The papers in this section share the details of these cases – background / case history, problem solving approach, initial / final results of the approaches, etc.  It is NOT a section where every presentation has resolution, rather the focus is on the problem solving thought process(es) and generating discussion.  It can be an avenue to solicit suggestions from the audience of our peers on difficult cases that have not been resolved or it can be a case presented to highlight creative problem solving for a difficult case.  Abstracts are requested for these cases, written in such a way as to guide the discussions, rather than reveal the final resolution (if one even exists).

EXAMPLE Abstract

WHAT GOES AROUND COMES AROUND. THE CASE FOR TRANSFAUNATION.

Mike Maslanka, MS,1 and Amanda Guthrie, DVM, Dipl. ACZM2

1 Department of Nutrition Science, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Washington, DC, USA

2 Virginia Zoo, Norfolk, VA, USA

Two red pandas (Ailurus f fulgens) were born at the Virginia Zoo in June 2014. One weaned as expected and consumed “normal” amounts of a diet which included bamboo, nutritionally complete feeds, and produce. The other weaned onto bamboo, and would not consume any of the other diet ingredients. At six months of age, the animal was found hypothermic and hypoglycemic, and had lost weight (weighed 0.9 kg at 6 months of age). Veterinary treatment was initiated quickly to stabilize the animal which included fluids, antibiotics, and tube feedings. Many options were tried to encourage consumption of something in addition to the bamboo to no avail. Usually not even on the list of alternative food items to try is feces. However, with so many probiotics on the market now, espoused for their ability to improve human health, why would we not consider getting the bacteria right from the best source possible – a healthy conspecific?

Points to discuss:

  • Has anyone used transfaunation with their collection? Which animals and to what end?
  • Would we consider there to be a downside of this option in any situation?
  • Do you have collection animals now that might benefit from this? Who and what is the situation?
  • How to overcome challenges with delivery?

 

Roy McClements Student/Keeper Competition

The ZWNF Roy McClements Student / Keeper Competition

The Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition Foundation (ZWNF) is a non-profit organization established for the purpose of:

  • contributing expertise and providing funds to support zoo and wildlife nutrition programs worldwide,
  • furthering the science of zoo nutrition,
  • facilitating the dissemination of nutrition knowledge, and
  • developing the next generation of zoo nutrition leaders

Roy McClements, PhD. was dedicated to improving the care of captive animals and contributing to their conservation by incorporating science into their management.  A true comparative nutritionist, but also a multidisciplinary scientist, his work encompassed nutrition and reproductive success in penguins and Attwater’s prairie chickens, body condition scoring in Asian elephants, supplementing insects and a multidisciplinary project incorporating genetics, large herd health and management, and land resource sustainability. Roy inspired many students not only teaching at the University of Sydney and Tarleton State as a faculty member, but also through his interactions at zoo events and nutrition conferences.  As a tribute to Roy, and his dedication to students, the ZWNF/Nutrition Advisory Group has named the student paper competition in his honor.

The ZWNF Roy McClements Student / Keeper Competition is designed to recognize excellence in oral and written nutrition presentations at the ZWNF/Nutrition Advisory Group Conference. Awards for the top one to three presentations in each category will be made, and awards up to $800 will be provided (award number and value dependent on number of applicants) at the NAG conference banquet.

Requirements:

  • Full paper submission to the ZWNF/NAG conference
    • Applicant may choose to have full paper or abstract only published in conference proceedings, but full paper is required for consideration and will be used during the evaluation process
  • Oral or poster presentation at the ZWNF/NAG conference
  • Must be either a current student pursuing a degree, or a keeper or zoo staff member in non-leadership position

To apply, submit a paper for the annual ZWNF/NAG conference. The deadline for submission for the 2017 biannual conference is June 23, 2017. During the submission process, choose the option to be considered for this award. In the “Comments” section, please detail your position (e.g., student, keeper, staff member) to confirm eligibility.

Evaluation Criteria:

Proposals will be evaluated by members or designees of ZWNF and AZA NAG. Anyone related to, or a supervisor of an applicant, will be excluded from the selection process. Evaluation rubric is available upon request, by emailing Dr. Brian Rude: Rude@ads.msstate.edu.

2017 Conference Hotel Information

The conference is over.  Thank you for your participation.

Embassy Suites Hotel Dallas-Frisco & Conference Center

Hilton Garden Inn Frisco
7550 Gaylord Parkway
Frisco, Texas 75034

Home2 Suites by Hilton Dallas-Frisco, TX
2000 Parkwood Boulevard
Frisco, Texas 75034

Hotels include complementary breakfast and wifi.

Announcing the 2017 ZWNF/NAG Conference on Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition

Howdy, Folks!  Welcome to Texas!  Come explore the wild and wooly world of zoo nutrition in Frisco, TX, hosted by the Dallas Zoo. Join us and the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians to hear all the latest advances in the field of zoo and wildlife nutrition.

Frisco, TX is 25 miles north of Dallas/Ft. Worth, and is home to the National Railroad Museum and a slew of stadiums for all you sports fans, and don’t miss the National Videogame Museum(!).  Even better yet, take in the lovely Ft. Worth and  Dallas Zoos just a few miles away.

Book hotel  Submit your paper  Register!

GENERAL SCHEDULE

Download the Detailed Schedule

  • Saturday, Sept. 23
    • 4:30 – 5:30 pm: Registration in hotel lobby
    • 6:00 pm: NAG steering committee meeting (location TBD)
  • Sunday, Sept. 24
    • 8:00 – 9:00 am: Registration at conference center
    • 9:00 – noon: Workshop
    • noon-2 pm: Lunch on your own
    • 2:00 – 4:00 pm: Workshop continued
    • 3:00 pm – ?: Poster setup
    • 4:00 – 5:00 pm: Registration
    • 6:00 pm: Icebreaker
  • Monday, Sept 25
    • 7:00 – 7:45 am: Registration
    • 8:00 – 8:15 am: Joint Welcome
    • 8:20 – 10:15 am: NAG session 1
    • 10:20 – 10:50 am: Poster session
    • 10:50 – 2:55 pm: NAG session 2
    • Lunch on your own
    • NAG session 3
    • 2:55 – 3:25 pm: Poster session
    • Dinner on your own
    • 7:00 – 9:00 pm: SCARF benefit
  • Tuesday, Sept 26
    • NAG session 4
    • 9:35 – 10:00 am: Posters/Break
    • noon: Depart for zoo
  • Wednesday, Sept 27
    • NAG session 5
    • 9:35 – 10:20 am: Break/Exhibits
    • NAG session 6
    • Lunch on own
    • NAG session 7
    • 3:20 – 4:00 pm: Break/Exhibits
    • Membership Meeting
    • 6:00 pm: Banquet

WORKSHOP

Sunday September 24, 2017
Workshop: “Produce Classification: Revolutionary Considerations for Improving Zoo Animal Diet Formulation” 9 am- 4 pm.

Commercially-available fruits rarely mimic fruits consumed by free-ranging wildlife.  What are the implications for diet formulation and produce selection for optimal health of the animals in our collections? This workshop aims to tackle these questions through presentation and discussion, with the goal of producing consensus recommendations for how to standardize produce classification for zoo nutrition diet formulation. The program will begin with invited speaker Erin Vogel, Ph.D, who will discuss her work on food acquisition and diet selection in non-human primates, with an emphasis on the nutrient composition of free-ranging fruits and overall diet in those species. A series of talks will follow Dr. Vogel’s presentation on the classification systems of produce currently in use by various institutions.  After a break for lunch (12-2pm, on your own), the afternoon session consists of a discussion and breakout into working groups to assemble/organize data providing categories/charts that can be adapted for use at your home institution.

Erin Vogel, Ph.D., is an associate professor at Rutgers University.  She is a primate dietary ecologist with a primary interest in factors that affect food acquisition and diet selection in non-human primates. In particular, she studies how primates have adapted to maximize energy intake in the face of variable environments by examining the behavior, morphology, and physiology within an ecological context.

Denver Zoo Nutrition Internship

A paid internship in the area of exotic animal nutrition, including clinical, operational, and research aspects, is available to undergraduate students (Junior or Senior), recent college graduates (in the last 12 months), or current graduate students having a specific interest in exotic animal nutrition. The internship is available from May through August, 2017; full-time availability is preferred, though part-time may be considered.

Typical activities for this internship may include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Documenting and recording diets and hand-rearing protocols
  • Evaluating body condition of exotic animals
  • Conducting intake and digestibility studies
  • Assisting with feed or browse collection, sample preparation, and analysis
  • Observing feeding behavior
  • Conducting applied research and data entry
  • Clinical rounds
  • Working in the Nutrition Center preparing diets and food deliveries
  • Formulating and analyzing diets as needed, under nutritionist supervision

Candidates must be enrolled in or have a degree in animal science, biology, nutrition, wildlife science, or a related field and ideally have completed an introductory animal nutrition class. The intern may obtain University credit for completed projects if agreed upon by the candidate and Nutritionist prior to the initiation of the internship. Every effort will be made to accommodate the student’s school schedule in arranging starting and ending dates, and number of hours worked per week.

To apply, please send the following materials to Dr. Jennifer Parsons at jparsons@denverzoo.org: 1) a resume, 2) an unofficial transcript, and 3) a cover letter which includes the following information: dates of availability, interests, and a description of how this position applies to your career goals. Deadline for receipt of application materials is end-of-day on March 20, 2017.

2017 Paper Submission

Deadlines
Deadline: June 23, 2017 Extended to: July 7

Please submit your TITLE to Heidi ASAP, though.

Instructions for Authors

  • We strongly encourage submitting full articles (either primary research or review articles). Abstracts are acceptable if you have plans to publish full documents elsewhere.  Case discussions are a way to think through clinical cases and nutritional dilemmas with our group.
  • NEW this year:
    • Please upload a photo related to your paper.  This helps draw attention to your article and makes our website more compelling!
    • Author bios: AAZV will include this in their program
  • Please download and use the NAG Instructions to Authors file as a template to ensure your paper is formatted correctly.  You can see a formatted paper here.

Your name (required)

Your email (required)

Submission title (required)

  1. Which session(s) fit your topic the best?
    Hold down the control key (command key on mac) to select more than one.


  2. Please upload your file(s). (required, max 7 MB)
    Please note that the proceedings will be printed in black and white.

    Accepts .doc or .docx formats only

  3. Please write a short bio of the presenting author(s). 4 sentences max!!

  4. Please upload a featured cover image (wide/landscape, max 5 MB).
    This image may be posted on our website to highlight and represent your work. Please ensure that you have the rights to share it. For examples, please see the images that scroll at the top of our home page.

    Accepts .gif or .jpg formats only

  5. Are you participating in the Roy McClements Student Keeper Competition?

    YesNo

    If you are a student or keeper, we encourage you to enter the Roy McClements Student Keeper Competition. To enter, you must upload a full paper, not an abstract. In the space below (question 6), please provide the details of your student/keeper status and any publication restrictions you may have.

  6. Which type of presentation would you prefer?

    OralPoster

  7. Is there any other information you would like to share with the conference organizers?

  8. Reassure us that you aren't a robot. Enter the text below:

    captcha

Body Condition Scoring Resource Center

  The following body condition scoring (BCS) scales have been obtained from a variety of sources.  We have credited the authors where we can, and encourage you to submit newly developed or modified scales or corrections to attributions.

The following body condition scoring (BCS) scales have been obtained from a variety of sources.  We have credited the authors where we can, and encourage you to submit newly developed or modified scales or corrections to attributions.

Click to expand







Pangolins, Aardvarks, & Xenarthrans (Sloths, Anteaters, Armadillos)


Reptiles & Amphibians




About BCS Scales

Body condition scoring (BCS) is a subjective measurement of an animal’s muscle definition and superficial fatty tissue.BCS for Zoo Animals

BCS has been used for many years in the livestock industry to improve the productivity, health, reproduction and longevity of herds.  BCS has become increasingly common in zoological settings for many of the same reasons.  Our greatest challenge in zoos is to develop practical systems or scales for the diverse species with which we work.  Some scales have been well-developed and validated, while others remain works in progress.  The NAG encourages the careful and thoughtful development of new scales, the refinement of those that already exist, and the diligent attention to their implementation for the good of the animals in our care.

About BCS Scales

Body condition scoring scales are numerical, and they typically range from 1 (emaciated) to either 5 or 9 (obese).  When using a 5-point scale, many people will assign half points (2.5 or 4.5 out of 5), which effectively turns the 5 point scale into a 9 point scale.  Whenever possible, we recommend the use of a 9 point scale.

fish3

Implications of BCS Scores

horsebcs

Low BCS scores have been associated with lowered reproductive success, poor recovery from illness, and may be a sign of disease or age.  High BCS scores have been associated with an increased risk of dystocia (difficulty giving birth), reproductive disorders, arthritis, diabetes, and other chronic conditions (Chan-McLeod et al. 1994; Burkholder 2000; Aeberhard et al. 2001; Busato et al. 2002; Berry et al. 2007; Boudreau 2012).  Despite the known risks of being too far at either end of the BCS spectrum, a BCS score should be non-judgmental.  You may be pleased that an animal recovering from a serious illness has moved from a 2 to a 3 (on a 9-pt scale), yet worry that a healthy animal has dropped from a 4 to a 3.  You may be glad that an obese animal has dropped from an 8 to a 5, yet endeavor to raise an animal preparing for hibernation from a 5 to an 8 or 9 (which may be “normal,” physiologically, for the species in question).  Keep in mind that just because it may be “normal” for a species to be over-conditioned at a specific time of year or life stage, this does not impact the BCS scale (a score of 8/9 remains 8/9, even if declared “appropriate” in terms of animal management; the scale does not “slide” to make that over-conditioned animal a 5/9). In addition, the scale is does not slide for growing, geriatric, or pregnant animals (regardless of stage of life, metabolic status, etc, the scale is designed to assess condition as objectively as possible).

Tips for Body Condition Scoring

  • BCS is best learned and implemented through consistent practice.  Often, it helps to have multiple staff involved at the start (animal managers, keepers, veterinarians, nutritionists, etc.) to make sure everyone is on the same page regarding terminology, anatomy, and the scoring system being used.  In the end, however, it is often best to have a limited number of scorers so that consistency can be maintained.  In addition, having someone who does not see the animals every day perform the scoring can be helpful.
  • Scorers should be familiar with the anatomy of each species.  If multiple scorers are utilized, they should be objectively evaluated for consistency with the same animals.  It can be helpful to note the initials of the scorer when a BCS is performed and recorded.
  • Although there are many different systems/scales (even for a single species), it is a good idea to pick one scoring system for each species and stick with it.  This allows for increased familiarity and proficiency, over time.
  • BCS is a particularly useful tool for animals that aren’t very tractable or for those who are unable to be weighed regularly.  If body weights are available, BCS acts as a complementary assessment for management purposes.  Ensure that the interval between BCS is reasonable and practical.
  • For growing animals, body weights can be paired with appropriate growth curves to assess development. However, body weights in growing individuals often vary, even within species, and may not be the best assessment of growth. In these cases, BCS can be used not only to assess appropriate growth, but also to establish target weights for individuals.
  • If your species of interest does not have a scale established, please consider developing one.  If you do, look at those that have already been thoughtfully developed. Ideal BCS scales are easy to use, distinguish biologically relevant changes in status, provide enough description that multiple observers will obtain similar results, and, ideally, have been validated through other means (ultrasound, TOBEC, necropsy).  Photographs and drawings should clearly show points of interest and be coupled with clear written descriptions.   The NAG encourages you to share your systems by presenting a poster or presentation at our conference, or publishing in another format that can be accessed by the zoo community.

References

    • Aeberhard K, Bruckmaier RM, Kuepfer U, and Blum JW. 2001. Milk Yield and Composition, Nutrition, Body Conformation Traits, Body Condition Scores, Fertility and Diseases in High-Yielding Dairy Cows – Part 1. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A 48:97–110.
    • Berry DP, Lee JM, Macdonald KA, and Roche JR. 2007. Body Condition Score and Body Weight Effects on Dystocia and Stillbirths and Consequent Effects on Postcalving Performance. Journal of Dairy Science 90:4201–4211.
    • Boudreau L. 2012. Effect of Moderate Diet Restriction on Body Condition, Health, and Reproductive Performance in Female Mink (Neovison vison).
    • Burkholder WJ. 2000. Use of body condition scores in clinical assessment of the provision of optimal nutrition. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 217:650–654.
    • Busato A, Faissler D, Küpfer U, and Blum JW. 2002. Body condition scores in dairy cows: associations with metabolic and endocrine changes in healthy dairy cows. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A 49:455–460.
  • Chan-McLeod ACA, White RG, and Holleman DF. 1994. Effects of protein and energy intake, body condition, and season on nutrient partitioning and milk production in caribou and reindeer. Canadian Journal of Zoology 72:938–947.


If you know of additional published resources for this page, we encourage you to submit them for potential inclusion:

Your Name (required)

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What species is this for?

Please upload your document for review.

Please provide as much reference/citation information you can so that we can properly attribute the resource.

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We will review your submission and post if we feel it is appropriate for this site.

Nutrition Supervisor: Ft. Worth Zoo

This position is responsible for supervising, monitoring, and participating in receiving, preparing, and delivering quality food and supplies to all animal buildings and exhibit areas; supervising the keeper staff assigned to the area; and coordinating activities with other departments within Animal Programs.

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Nutrition Internship: Disney’s Animal Kingdom

We are currently accepting applications for our Spring 2017 semester internship in the Animal Nutrition Center at Disney’s Animal Kingdom. If you know any eligible students that are considering a career in zoo nutrition, please pass this information on to them.

This internship is through Walt Disney World Animal Programs.  It is a six month paid internship, working as part of our Animal Nutrition Center team.  Our interns work four 10 hour days per week (5 am to 4 pm).  75% of the internship (3 days per week) is spent in our animal food production operation (lots of diet prep).  The other 25% (1 day per week) is spent working with our nutrition team, helping with data collection (there is a lot of data and computer work!) and may include helping with on-going research projects.  Internships run from June to January and January to June.  Students must possess unrestricted work authorization.  For more information on the internship or how to apply, check our website at

http://www.disneyinterns.com/animalprograms

Job Posting: Nutrition Supervisor at Dallas Zoo

JOB SUMMARY

Under direction of Curator, provide experienced oversight of ordering, receiving, preparation, and delivery of food and supplies to animal buildings and exhibit areas, using proper sanitation and cleaning guidelines; maintain buildings in assigned areas.  Supervise and instruct Keepers in Animal Nutrition Center

SPECIFIC DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Ensure provision of daily diets for the collection animals at Dallas Zoo and Children’s Aquarium. Plan, direct and participate in receiving, preparing and delivering food to all animal areas. Ensure food is handled in a safe manner.
  • Participate in maintenance of diet records.
  • Procure (or supervise procurement) of food items following established purchasing practices.
  • Ensure proper receipt and storage for all items.
  • Maintain inventory of all items. Maintain purchasing records, summarize monthly usage.  Manage department budget within given scope of control.
  • Supervise personnel, including volunteers, for all areas of responsibility and professional conduct.
  • Participate in the selection, hiring, and evaluation of staff and ensure appropriate forms are completed in a timely manner.
  • Participate in the development and implementation of goals, objectives, policies and priorities for both the department and staff.
  • Train assigned staff in their areas of work including preparation, sanitation and professional conduct.
  • Monitor the work of assigned staff for accuracy, proper work methods, techniques, and compliance with applicable standards and specifications.
  • Schedule staff; maintain up to date standard operation procedure for assigned areas
  • Supervise and ensure adherence to proper standards of sanitation and safety.
  • Ensure quality customer service to internal and external customers.
  • Ensure cleanliness and upkeep of Animal Nutrition Center and surrounding area, maintain vehicles and equipment in good condition. Submit and follow up on work orders.
  • Ensure appropriate daily staffing coverage for Nutrition Keepers.
  • Perform other duties as assigned.

QUALIFICATIONS

  • Must have at least three years of food preparation, warehousing or animal care experience; one year supervisory experience preferred.
  • Must have a high school diploma or GED. Bachelor’s degree in biological, nutrition or culinary field preferred, or equivalent combination of training and experience.
  • Knowledge of MS Word/Excel or similar programs essential.
  • Must be flexible, self-motivated and a team player.
  • Must be able to follow oral and written instructions.
  • Must be able to establish and maintain an effective rapport with all levels of management, employees and zoo guests.
  • Must be able to communicate effectively both orally and in writing.
  • Must have good observational skills.
  • Must be able to walk, stand, sit, kneel, stoop, crawl, twist, reach above head, pull bend, climb stairs and ladders and carry 50lbs, sometimes up to 75lbs.
  • Must be able to work holidays and weekends.
  • Must be able to actively work in inclement weather.
  • Must have a valid Texas driver’s license and reliable transportation.

Join the Dallas Zoo Management, Inc. community to experience a unique, challenging and rewarding career. If you are interested, please email your resume and cover letter to zoojobs@dallaszoo.com. All applicants MUST place job code NSUPV in the subject line to be considered.

All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, protected veteran status, or disability status.

EOE M/F/D/V. www.dallaszoo.com

Practical Zoo Nutrition Management (June 5-9, 2017)

Smithsonian-Mason School of Conservation, Front Royal, VA, USA

With roughly 20 out of the more than 200 Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) accredited zoos in the United States employing full time nutritionists, there exists a critical shortage of zoo-based nutrition expertise. Similar institutions outside the US face the same challenges.  Long-term sustainability of an animal collection and the successful reproduction of breeding animals rely heavily on proper nutrition, yet this can be a serious challenge. Many of these institutions care for hundreds or thousands of species, all with specific dietary needs that may even vary across seasons and reproductive conditions.

This course is designed to provide knowledge and hands-on experience within one of the oldest zoo nutrition programs in the US. Because of the complexities and extensive experiential learning involved in the profession, this course is not designed to create a zoo nutritionist in 5 days.  But participants will become familiar with a wide variety of topics in the field of zoo and wildlife nutrition, as well as some of the nuances of managing a commissary (food procurement and preparation) operation to support a zoo.  This course will be taught by the Head of the Department of Nutrition Science at the Smithsonian’s National Zoological Park (NZP), Mike Maslanka. He will be joined by members of his NZP staff including Clinical Nutritionist Erin Kendrick, as well as Barbara Toddes (Philadelphia Zoo), Barbara Henry (Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden) and Ann Ward (Fort Worth Zoo). These instructors represent some of the most experienced zoo nutritionists, commissary managers, and researchers in the field of zoo and wildlife nutrition.

By the conclusion of the course, participants are expected to have knowledge of: commissary design and operations (centralized and de-centralized operation), nutrient and energy metabolism of zoo and wild animals, practical principles of feeding a wide variety of animals across all taxa, practical diet formulation and evaluation, and basic commissary management.

This course is open to graduate students as well as professionals, and will be most relevant for nutrition/animal science graduate students, zoo keepers and curators, commissary managers, nutritionists and veterinarians with some previous background/experience in nutrition. The course will be based at the NZP’s satellite facility in Front Royal, Virginia where 21 species of endangered and threatened mammal and bird species are managed in a unique captive setting. A trip to NZP in Washington DC is included, with behind-the-scenes tours of the commissary operation, elephants and big cats.

Visit our website at http://SMconservation.gmu.edu for more course details and for instructions on how to apply. All courses area held in a new sustainably built Academic Quad, including new classrooms, dining commons and residential facility. Send us an email at SCBItraining@si.edu with any questions you might have or check out our FAQs.

Denver Zoo: Nutrition Internship Fall 2016

A paid internship in the area of exotic animal nutrition, including both clinical and research aspects, is available to undergraduate students (Junior or Senior), recent college graduates (in the last 12 months), or current graduate students having a specific interest in exotic animal nutrition. The internship is available from August through December, 2016, and may be part-time or full-time. Typical activities for this internship may include, but are not limited to the following:

  • Documenting and recording diets and hand-rearing protocols
  • Evaluating body condition of exotic animals
  • Conducting intake and digestibility studies
  • Assisting with feed or browse collection, sample preparation, and analysis
  • Observing feeding behavior
  • Conducting applied research and data entry
  • Clinical rounds
  • Formulating and analyzing diets as needed, under nutritionist supervision

Candidates must be enrolled in or have a degree in animal science, biology, nutrition, wildlife science, or a related field and ideally have completed an introductory animal nutrition class. The intern may obtain University credit for completed projects if agreed upon by the candidate and Nutritionist prior to the initiation of the internship. Every effort will be made to accommodate the student’s school schedule in arranging starting and ending dates, and number of hours worked per week. To apply, please send the following materials to Dr. Jennifer Parsons at jparsons@denverzoo.org:

  1. Resume
  2. Unofficial transcript, and
  3. Cover letter which includes the following information: dates of availability, interests, and a description of how this position applies to your career goals.

Deadline for receipt of application materials is May 15, 2016. For any questions regarding the internship, you may likewise contact Dr. Parsons.