McWilliams DA, Leeson S. 2001. Metabolic Bone Disease in lizards: Prevalence and potential for monitoring bone health. In Edwards M, Lisi KJ, Schlegel ML, Bray RE, Eds., Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition, AZA Nutrition Advisory Group, Lake Buena Vista, FL.
A consensus that metabolic bone disease (MBD) is the nutritional pathology (NP) most likely to occur in captive lizards was apparent in a study at the Ontario Veterinary College Teaching Hospital (OVCTH) and in two surveys on NP in accredited zoos in Canada and the United States. The prevalence, pathogensis and diagnosis of MBD relative to the OVCTH and zoological research is discussed. A proposed study to investigate the multifactorial nature of MBD in lizards in zoo populations and veterinary clinics is presented. This study includes researching a qualitative ultrasound (QUS) method to diagnose MBD in lizards and correlate that methodology to dietary and environmental factors in MBD.McWilliams-MetabolicBoneDiseaseinLizards.pdf     3 MB