The new domain of internet of things and big data: wildlife nutrition

Citation

Bressan N. 2021. The new domain of internet of things and big data: wildlife nutrition. In Brooks M, Koutsos E, and Henry B Eds. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition, Zoo and Wildlife Nutrition Foundation and AZA Nutrition Advisory Group, Virtual.

Abstract

The revolution of data and connectivity of the 21st century left behind one of the most fragile parts of our planet and yet to be connected. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) 120,372 species were assessed in 2020, with 20% categorized as “data deficient”. When a species is categorized as data deficient, that prevents the species from appearing in the Red List of endangered animals, and, therefore, that species does not receive the attention needed for preservation and conservation. Many wild animals lack data for a better understanding of their habits, anatomy, physiology, and health. Some species, already extinct in the wild, have been preserved by zoos and for many, zoos are becoming their last refuge. The development of novel technologies through data and information analytics may enable conservation professionals to understand animal behavioral and physiological responses with a depth never studied, thus playing an important role in species conservation.

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